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Il bicentenario del Congresso di Vienna (1814-1914)

congresso_di_viennaIl 21 maggio 2014 si è tenuta nel palazzo di Vienna dei principi Liechtenstein   una celebrazione del II centenario del Congresso di Vienna, alla presenza di oltre cinquanta personalità intellettuali e politiche provenienti dall’Europa e dalla Russia. Riportiamo l’intervento del prof. Roberto de Mattei

Two centenaries recur this year: the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914 and the opening of the Congress of Vienna in November 1814.

These two anniversaries are symbolically opposite: the Congress of Vienna is the attempt to reconstruct the European order upset by the French Revolution and by Napoleon; the First World War is an attempt, successful, to complete the work of the French Revolution, by destroying the order established by the Congress of Vienna

The Crimean War (18531856) was decisive in ending the Holy Alliance. Separating Austria from Russia, the Crimean War disunited the front of The Holy Alliance, and set the stage for an international revolution which was completed by the First World War. The Treaties of Paris of 1919-1920 marked the end of the political balance as set by the Congress of Vienna. The new order, both European and world-wide, marked not only a geo-political upheaval, but also a revolution in culture and mentality. Four great empires fell: the Austrian, the German, the Russian and the Ottoman. What they had in common was not only that aspiration to universality which is evoked by the very word ‘empire’ itself, but also a belief in the sacred basis, the legitime bases, of political authority.

Two centuries after the Congress of Vienna, does it make sense today to talk of a Holy Alliance, and in what terms?

The big problems of today are those of yesterday. We never really left the orbit of the French Revolution, which the Congress of Vienna and the Holy Alliance wanted to oppose, without success. The French Revolution was followed in the space of 200 years by the Communist Revolution and the Postmodern Revolution: here, one is dealing with something that leads to chaos and nihilism. Out of it today comes the expression of gender theory, which wants to destroy the natural and primary bases of human society,

I think that it is necessary to carefully distinguish two planes, two levels : the geopolitical and the axiological. On the geopolitical plane, one may have different views on the relations between nations and between alliances, for example between Europe on the one hand and Russia and the United States on the other. This diversity of opinions on the subject of international politics can coexist within the same horizon of values. There cannot be differences however on the subject of values ​​and principles. Religion and morality always prevail over the economy and politics.

The error of many geopolitical experts is that of minimizing the doctrinal aspect, and reducing the clashes between civilizations to political clashes between powers. In the time of communism, many anti-communists confused the two aspects. Their anti-communism was not born out of their ideological opposition to Marxist-Leninism, but out of fear of the expansionist policies of Russia. The enemy was not Lenin, but the Tsar. They did not understand the ideological nature of the war that was – and still is – taking place in the world: a fight of metaphysical character.

Geopolitical interests divide nations, values ​​unite them. My party is not national, but axiological. The idea of ​​a Holy Alliance can be valid only if it is based on the rejection of every form of relativism and of evolutionism, and on the affirmation of such values​​ as innocent human life, the family, private property, the State, the existence of Christian roots and of a divine and natural law.

An alliance from on high between the Christian powers is unthinkable. Personally I do not see Christianity’s bulwark in any world leader. I am convinced that a Holy Alliance can only be born from below, between men, families, associations, private institutions of all kinds, from the religious to the political sphere, that fight to defend the Christian natural order. An alliance based on religious and moral principles, and not on political and economic interests.

The premises of the Revolution in which we are immerged lie both in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the First World War of 1914-1918. Those for reconstruction in the return to the very same values​​, propounded by the Congress of Vienna and the Holy Alliance.

In the critical hours of history, the most important thing is to return to the supreme principles, which have their unique source in God. The metaphysical principles, the eternal truths are the supreme actuality of the days of crisis and danger.

Our discussion would be incomplete if we did not refer also to the supernatural aspect: trust in the divine assistance. This divine assistance has been promised by Our Lady when in May 1917, during the Great War, before he Revolution, she appeared at Fatima, in Portugal. At Fatima, Our Lady prophesied the Russian Revolution, announcing that Russia would spread her errors throughout the world. Russia’s errors were errors of communist ideology, based on dialectical materialism, that was not born in Russia, but in Germany and was exported to Russia by Lenin in a lead-sealed train carriage that came from Zurich. Communism collapsed in Russia, but Marx’s errors are today the errors of all those who, around the world, from China to the United States, share the principles of dialectical materialism. These errors remain and are now the heart of European and global relativism.

Our Lady of Fatima asked the Pope to consecrate Russia to her Immaculate Heart. From this consecration was made ​​to depend not only peace in the world, but the renaissance of the Christian nations. We can appeal to bishops and patriarchs, Catholics and Orthodox to join in this request: that the Pope will accept it and make himself the consecration of Russia. It would be a sign of love and predilection for Russia. It could be the divine germ of a real Holy Alliance that may inflict the deathblow to the époque of French Revolution. (Roberto de Mattei)